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Toxic and Infectious Substances
Toxic substances, are substances where you only need small amounts in order to cause a health hazard or even death. Example cigarettes, you need to smoke a lot of them before you have a health hazard. So this does not need to be covered by dangerous goods regulations, but pure nicotine (also used as a pesticide on roses) for example a few drops is enough to kill someone, so if a package of such ruptures, it poses a serous health hazard for all the could come in contact with it. Botulinum toxin, commercially marketed under the brand name Botox is the most acutely lethal toxin known to man. The Lethal Dose (LD50) or Lethal Concentration (LC) is the determining factor in classifying Toxic substances.
Infectious Substances Category A - are substances likely to contain pathogens (bacteria, fungi, viruses) capable of causing permanent disability, life-threatening or fatal disease to humans or animals.
Biological Substance Category B - Human or animal specimens which do not contain pathogens in Category A fall into Category B; and must be assigned to UN 3373 “Biological substance, Category B
6.1 Toxic (poisonous)Substances
6.2 Cat. A - Infectious Substances
6.2 Cat. B - Biological Substances (UN3373)
6.1 - Nicotine, Cyanide, Chloroform, Strychnine, Arsenic
6.2 Cat. A - HIV(AIDS), Rabies, Ebola, West Nile Virus
6.2 Cat. B - Pregnancy test, doping test, vaccinesReturn To DG Overview